Question: Do You Use A Colon Or Semicolon After Including?

What punctuation do you use after including?

Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause.

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What are the three semicolon rules?

Three Essential Semicolon RulesRule 1: Use a semicolon between independent clauses that are closely related in theme.Rule 2: Use a semicolon before conjunctive adverbs and transitional phrases that join independent clauses.More items…•

Do you use a semicolon before including?

Use a comma before including if the sentence would be complete without the part that follows. (The same rule applies to such as.)

Do I use a semicolon or a colon?

Semicolons should introduce evidence or a reason for the preceding statement; for example, this sentence appropriately uses a semicolon. A colon, on the other hand, should be used for a stronger, more direct relationship. It should provide emphasis, an example, or an explanation.

Can you use a colon after a period?

Use a colon carefully after an abbreviation of two words, such as i.e. or A.M. Do not place a period after the abbreviation.

Do I use semicolons in a list?

Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas. There are basically two ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is inexpensive and easily accessible; or by computer and printer, which is more expensive but quick and neat.

Where do you put semicolons?

Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses in place of a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet). Make sure when you use the semicolon that the connection between the two independent clauses is clear without the coordinating conjunction.

What is the proper way to use a colon?

You can use a colon to connect two sentences when the second sentence summarizes, sharpens, or explains the first. Both sentences should be complete, and their content should be very closely related. Note that if you use colons this way too often, it can break up the flow of your writing.

How do you not use a semicolon?

DO NOT use the semicolon in the following cases: To introduce a list (use a colon instead). Between complete sentences joined by and, nor, but, or, yet, so (coordinating conjunctions). Between a dependent clause and the rest of the sentence.

Do you put a colon after as follows?

A colon is normally used after as follows, the following, and similar expressions. The steps are as follows: first, put a vest on; second, grab a rope and jump in; third, put the ski on; fourth, hold on!

When should you not use a colon?

1. Do not use a colon in a complete sentence after phrases such as “such as,” “including,” and “for example.” Because phrases like these already indicate to the reader that a list of examples will follow, there is no need to introduce them with a colon, which would merely be redundant.

When should a semicolon be used examples?

A semicolon may be used between independent clauses joined by a connector, such as and, but, or, nor, etc., when one or more commas appear in the first clause. Example: When I finish here, and I will soon, I’ll be glad to help you; and that is a promise I will keep.

What are some examples of semicolons?

Examples of Semicolons: Joan likes eggs; Jennifer does not. The cat slept through the storm; the dog cowered under the bed. Semicolons are also used in a sentence when something stronger than a comma is needed.

Does re need a colon?

It isn’t actually an abbreviation, it is a word! So you can use it just as if you were using ‘regarding’ or ‘about’ – if you would use a colon in the context where you wrote regarding, then use a colon after re. But if you would just continue the sentence without punctuation after regarding, then do the same after re.

What follows after a colon?

The colon is used to separate two independent clauses when the second explains or illustrates the first. In such usage, the colon functions in much the same way as the semicolon. … When two or more sentences follow a colon, capitalize the first word following the colon.

What can I use instead of a colon?

A colon between two independent clauses, on the other hand, can usually be replaced with something like “that is” or “because” with no real harm done.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…